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德训篇 Sirach
1好醉酒的工人,不会致富;凡轻忽小事的,不久必会失足。1A drunken worker will never be rich; he who is careless in small things will soon fall.
2醇酒与美女,迷惑明智人,使聪明人遭受责斥。2Wine and women corrupt the best of men; whoever frequents prostitutes loses all sense of shame.
3凡与娼妇结合的,必放荡不羁,必为腐烂与蛆虫所占有;人必将他提出来,作为殷鉴;冒失的人,必要丧亡。3He will be the victim of grubs and worms and lose his life because of his stupidity.
4轻信的人,必然心地轻浮,他必被小看;犯罪的人,是伤害自己的灵魂。4He who is too quick to trust others reveals a shallow mind, whoever sins injures himself.
5喜爱恶事的,必被定罪;厌恶劝戒的,必缩短自己的性命。憎恶闲谈的,必能避免邪恶。5One who revels in pleasure will be condemned,
6犯罪害自己灵魂的,必要后悔;爱好邪恶的,必受责斥。6hating gossip will save one from evil.
7切不可重述一句猥亵和粗鲁的话;如此,你就不至于受害。7Never repeat what you are told and you will come to no harm.
8不论是朋友,或是仇人,都不要向他们述说你的心意;假使你不吐露,为你不是罪过。8Report nothing to friend or foe and, unless silence is sinful, reveal it to no one.
9因为,凡听你的人,必要防备你,时机一到他就辨明自己无罪,而憎恨你,并且常要这样对待你。9They will listen, distrust you and you will end up being hated.
10你听见了什么攻击别人的话吗?让它死在你心里;放心,它不会撑破你的。10Have you heard something? Let it die with you, remain calm; you will not burst with it.
11愚人为保守一句话,感到痛苦,有如临产的妇女。11A fool suffers like a woman in childbirth over something he is told.
12一句话在愚人心里,就如一枝箭射在大腿上一样。12Like an arrow stuck in his thigh, such is a secret inside a fool.
13你应质问朋友,也许他没有做;他若做了,叫他不要再做。13Speak with your friend: perhaps he has done nothing and, if he has, he will not do it again.
14你应质问邻人,也许他没有说;他若说了,叫他不要再说。14Speak with your friend: perhaps he has not said anything and, if he has, he will not say it again.
15你应质问朋友,因为多次发生诬谤的事;15Speak with your friend for there is much slander; do not believe all that you hear.
16因此,不可尽信所有的话。有人说滑了口,却不是出于有心。16Often, unintentional slips are made; for who has never sinned by evil tongues?
17谁没有因自己的舌头犯过罪呢?在恐吓人以前,应先询问他;17Speak with your neighbor before you heap accusations on him; then leave room for the Law of the Almighty.
18你要给至高者的法律留有余地。一切智慧,在于敬畏上主,就是叫人敬畏天主。齐全的智慧,乃是遵行法律。18All wisdom is in the fear of the Lord; in all wisdom is the fulfillment of the Law.
19作恶的知识,不是智慧;罪人的计谋,也不是明智。19Knowledge of evil is not wisdom, and prudence is not found in the advice of sinners.
20有一种能干是讨厌的,有一种愚蒙,是缺乏智慧的。20There is a cleverness that is loathsome; it belongs to the evildoer who lacks wisdom.
21寡知少识而敬畏天主的人,胜于多智而干犯至高者法律的人。21Better to lack sense and be full of the fear of the Lord, than to be clever in violating the Law.
22有一种奸滑的聪明,也是不义的;有一种人,为讨人喜欢,竟妄下论断。22There is an ingenious shrewdness which carries out injustice; it is the art of dissimulating in order to do evil.
23有一种坏人,外面表示谦恭后悔,心里却满怀欺诈。23One pretends to be grieving and weighed down with burdens but in his heart there is only cunning;
24有人低头装聋,假装看不见别人不知道的事,但是在你不提防时,他却来加害你。24he hides his face and pretends to be deaf, but as soon as you are distracted, he will take advantage of you.
25假使因软弱无力,不能犯罪,一旦遇到机会,他必要作恶。25One does not sin when the means are lacking; at the first opportunity, he will do wrong.
26由外表,可以认识人;从面貌上,可以看出他是否明智。26You can tell a man by his appearance; the responsible man can be recognized by his face.
27人的服装、喜笑和步伐,都表示他的为人。27A man's way of dressing reveals who he is, as does his manner of laughing and walking.
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