德训篇:Chapter 8

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德训篇 Sirach
1不要同有权势的人争吵,免得你落在他的手中。 1Do not argue with a powerful man lest you fall into his hands.
2不要同富贵人争执,怕他用财势来反对你; 2Do not quarrel with a rich man lest he throw his weight into the scale against you.
3因为金银败坏了许多人,连君王的心,也受了金银的迷惑。 3Do not argue with a talkative person; do not heap up wood on his fire.
4不要同饶舌的人争辩,也不要在他的火上添柴。 4Do not joke with an ignorant man for fear your ancestors will be insulted.
5不要同粗暴的人开玩笑,免得你的祖先受到耻辱。 5Do not offend the man who repents of his sins, remember that we are all deserving punishment.
6人若改恶迁善,你不要嘲笑他,也不要责斥他;该记住:我们都是应受责罚的罪人。 6Do not despise a man in his old age, because we ourselves will grow old.
7不要轻慢老人,因为我们将来也要成为老人。 7Do not rejoice at the death of any man, remember that we shall all die.
8一个仇人死了,不要喜欢;该记住:我们都要死。我们也不愿别人,见我们死了而喜欢。 8Do not neglect the teaching of the wise, apply yourself well to their precepts. Through them you will learn how to live and how to serve the great.
9不要轻忽明智长老的教训,要反复玩味他们的名言; 9Do not set aside the teachings of the elders for they also learnt it from their fathers; they will open up your understanding and enable you to reply at the right moment.
10因为从他们那里,你可以学得教训,及明智的至理,好能从容地服事王侯。 10Do nothing to arouse the sinner for fear of being burned by the flames of his fire.
11不要忽略长老的传授,因为他们也是从祖先学来的; 11Do not annoy the angry man for fear that he will twist your words to his own advantage.
12从他们那里,你能学得明智,在需要时,你便能自知解答。 12Do not lend to those more powerful than yourself; if you have lent anything, consider it as lost.
13不要点燃罪人的煤炭,申斥他们,免得你被他的火焰烧伤。 13Do not stand surety beyond your means; if you have done so, be ready to pay.
14不要对傲慢人生气,免得他吹毛求疵,陷害你。 14Do not go to law with a judge because, due to his position, judgment will be given in his favor.
15不要借钱给比你有权势的人;你若借钱给他,就等于丢了。 15Do not travel with an adventurer lest he impose himself on you and, as he does whatever he pleases, you both perish through his folly.
16担保不要超过你的力量;假使你作了保,你该想你已成了债户。 16Do not quarrel with a bad-tempered person nor get involved with him in a lonely place; blood counts for little in his eyes and, when he sees you defenseless, he will attack you.
17不要同判官诉讼,因为人审判他时,必顾全他的面子。 17Do not take counsel with a fool because he will not be able to remain silent about what you have said.
18不要同冒失的人一起走路,怕他加给你困难,因为他任意行动,你必因他的鲁奔,而与他一起丧亡。 18Do nothing which should be secret before a stranger because you do not know how he will react.
19不要同容易愤怒的人吵架;不要同他走入旷野,因为在他眼中,流血是不算什么的;在没有人帮助你的地方,他就要杀害你。 19Do not reveal your secrets to any man, he will not be grateful to you for doing so.
20不要同鲁莽人商量事情,因为他不会严守秘密。事情一不称心,他就不喜爱。 20
21在外人面前,不可作你想隐瞒的事,因为你不知道,这事会发生什么结果。 21
22若你不愿招致祸患而受辱,就不要向人人表露你的心事。 22
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