德训篇:Chapter 4

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德训篇 Sirach
1我儿,不要拒绝救济穷人生活的急需,也不要使急难人的眼目长久望着你。 1My son, do not deny the poor his food and do not make the man who looks at you with pleading eyes wait.
2不要加增饥饿人的悲苦;也不要激怒困苦中的人。 2Do not sadden the hungry person nor annoy anyone who is in need.
3不要扰乱忧苦人的心灵,也不要迟延接济有急难的人。 3Do not exasperate an angry man nor withhold alms from the beggar.
4不要拒绝痛苦而哀求的人,也不要转脸不顾穷困的人。 4Do not drive away the beggar who is weighed down with afflictions, nor turn away your face from the poor;
5不要转眼不顾乞丐,而叫他生气,也不要让他,那有求于你的人,背后咒骂你。 5do not snub the needy nor give anyone a reason to curse you.
6因为,人心在愁苦中,若咒骂了你,他的创造者必要垂听他的哀求。 6If someone curses you in the bitterness of his heart, the Creator will hear his prayer.
7在穷人的集会前,你应表示和气;在长老前,你应谦抑你的心灵;在官长前,你应低首下心。 7Make yourself acceptable to the community; bow your head before the one in authority.
8你要高兴倾耳垂听穷人,并归还你的债务,又要和颜悦色地向他答礼。 8Listen to the poor man and reply to him with kind words and with peace.
9应从压迫者的手中,拯救被压迫的人;在宣判时,不应畏缩。 9Deliver the oppressed from the hands of the oppressor. Do not be weak when you administer justice.
10对待孤儿应如慈父,扶助他们的母亲,应如丈夫。 10Be like a father towards orphans and like a husband towards their mothers. Then you will be like a son of the Most High and he will love you more than your own mother.
11如此,你才算是至高者听命的儿子,他必要比你的母亲更爱你。 11Wisdom brings up her children and takes care of those who look for her.
12智慧举扬自己的子孙,照顾寻找自己的人。在正义的路上,她要身为前导。 12Whoever loves her loves life. Those who rise early in the morning in search of her will be filled with joy.
13爱她的,就是爱生命;欣勤寻找她的,必能充满喜乐。 13Whoever possesses her will have glory and wherever he goes blessings will follow.
14占有她的,必承受荣耀;她到那里,上主就在那里祝福。 14Those who serve her are ministers of the Holy One; those who love her are loved of the Lord.
15凡事奉她的,就是事奉圣者;凡爱慕她的,上主也必爱他们。 15He who listens to her will have good judgment. He who obeys her will rest in safety.
16听从她的,必能统治万民;亲近她的,必能安居度日。 16Whoever trusts in her will possess her and his children after him will inherit her.
17依赖她的,必能以她为产业;他的后裔也必占有这份产业。 17For in the beginning she will lead him by rough paths, causing him to fear and be terrified; she will plague him with her discipline until she can count on him; and she will put him to the test by her demands.
18因为,智慧先领他走弯曲的路,先试探他, 18Then she will lead him on a level path, give him joy and reveal her secrets to him.
19使他畏惧恐怖,用自己的纪律磨炼他,以自己的诫命试探他,直到对他有了信任为止。 19But if he wanders from the path, she will abandon him and allow him to be lost.
20然后,她要坚固他,再领他走直路,使他欢乐; 20In every situation weigh the pros and cons and avoid evil. A wrong kind of shame could harm you.
21将自己的秘密启示给他,使他富有知识和正义的智慧。 21There is a shame which leads to sin and there is a shame which merits praise and respect.
22若是他走入歧途,智慧就离弃他,任凭他丧亡。 22Do not act against your better self to win favor from others. Do not let this kind of shame lead you into sin.
23我儿,你要爱惜光阴,谨避邪恶; 23Do not remain silent when it is necessary to speak. Do not, through pride, hide your wisdom.
24不要做问心有愧的事。 24It is in speech that wisdom is recognized and learning in the spoken discourse.
25有一种羞愧带来罪恶,又有一种羞愧却带来光荣和恩宠。 25Do not contradict the truth; rather confess your lack of knowledge.
26你不要顾全脸面,而陷害你的灵魂;也不要说谎,而害你的灵魂。 26Have no shame in confessing your sins, do not swim against the tide.
27你不要因羞怯而自取丧亡。 27Do not cringe before a foolish man; do not be influenced by the powerful.
28在救助人时,不要闭口无言,也不要把你的智慧隐藏不露。 28Fight for the truth till death and the Lord will fight for you.
29因为由言谈中,可以看出智慧;在答话上,可以现出明智;在正义的工作上,可以表现出意志的坚定。 29Do not be daring in your speech, but lazy and negligent in works.
30不要出言反对真理;对你的无知,你当羞愧。 30Do not be like a lion in your household, finding fault with your servants and oppressing those under you.
31不要耻于承认你的罪过,不要阻止下流的河水。 31Do not open your hand to receive and keep it closed when you should give.
32在糊涂人前,不要屈服,也不要顾全权威者的脸面。 32
33至死要为真理奋斗,上主天主必要助你作战。 33
34不要在唇舌上夸张,不要在行事上怠慢疏忽。 34
35你在家中,不要如同一只狮子;对你的仆役,不要任性逞强,不要压迫你的属下。 35
36你的手不要只为领取才伸开,而在施恩时缩回。 36
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