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德訓篇 Sirach
1好醉酒的工人,不會致富;凡輕忽小事的,不久必會失足。1A drunken worker will never be rich; he who is careless in small things will soon fall.
2醇酒與美女,迷惑明智人,使聰明人遭受責斥。2Wine and women corrupt the best of men; whoever frequents prostitutes loses all sense of shame.
3凡與娼婦結合的,必放蕩不羈,必為腐爛與蛆蟲所佔有;人必將他提出來,作為殷鑒;冒失的人,必要喪亡。3He will be the victim of grubs and worms and lose his life because of his stupidity.
4輕信的人,必然心地輕浮,他必被小看;犯罪的人,是傷害自己的靈魂。4He who is too quick to trust others reveals a shallow mind, whoever sins injures himself.
5喜愛惡事的,必被定罪;厭惡勸戒的,必縮短自己的性命。憎惡閒談的,必能避免邪惡。5One who revels in pleasure will be condemned,
6犯罪害自己靈魂的,必要後悔;愛好邪惡的,必受責斥。6hating gossip will save one from evil.
7切不可重述一句猥褻和粗魯的話;如此,你就不至於受害。7Never repeat what you are told and you will come to no harm.
8不論是朋友,或是仇人,都不要向他們述說你的心意;假使你不吐露,為你不是罪過。8Report nothing to friend or foe and, unless silence is sinful, reveal it to no one.
9因為,凡聽你的人,必要防備你,時機一到他就辨明自己無罪,而憎恨你,並且常要這樣對待你。9They will listen, distrust you and you will end up being hated.
10你聽見了什麼攻擊別人的話嗎?讓它死在你心裡;放心,它不會撐破你的。10Have you heard something? Let it die with you, remain calm; you will not burst with it.
11愚人為保守一句話,感到痛苦,有如臨產的婦女。11A fool suffers like a woman in childbirth over something he is told.
12一句話在愚人心裡,就如一枝箭射在大腿上一樣。12Like an arrow stuck in his thigh, such is a secret inside a fool.
13你應質問朋友,也許他沒有做;他若做了,叫他不要再做。13Speak with your friend: perhaps he has done nothing and, if he has, he will not do it again.
14你應質問鄰人,也許他沒有說;他若說了,叫他不要再說。14Speak with your friend: perhaps he has not said anything and, if he has, he will not say it again.
15你應質問朋友,因為多次發生誣謗的事;15Speak with your friend for there is much slander; do not believe all that you hear.
16因此,不可盡信所有的話。有人說滑了口,卻不是出於有心。16Often, unintentional slips are made; for who has never sinned by evil tongues?
17誰沒有因自己的舌頭犯過罪呢?在恐嚇人以前,應先詢問他;17Speak with your neighbor before you heap accusations on him; then leave room for the Law of the Almighty.
18你要給至高者的法律留有餘地。一切智慧,在於敬畏上主,就是叫人敬畏天主。齊全的智慧,乃是遵行法律。18All wisdom is in the fear of the Lord; in all wisdom is the fulfillment of the Law.
19作惡的知識,不是智慧;罪人的計謀,也不是明智。19Knowledge of evil is not wisdom, and prudence is not found in the advice of sinners.
20有一種能幹是討厭的,有一種愚蒙,是缺乏智慧的。20There is a cleverness that is loathsome; it belongs to the evildoer who lacks wisdom.
21寡知少識而敬畏天主的人,勝於多智而干犯至高者法律的人。21Better to lack sense and be full of the fear of the Lord, than to be clever in violating the Law.
22有一種奸滑的聰明,也是不義的;有一種人,為討人喜歡,竟妄下論斷。22There is an ingenious shrewdness which carries out injustice; it is the art of dissimulating in order to do evil.
23有一種壞人,外面表示謙恭後悔,心裡卻滿懷欺詐。23One pretends to be grieving and weighed down with burdens but in his heart there is only cunning;
24有人低頭裝聾,假裝看不見別人不知道的事,但是在你不提防時,他卻來加害你。24he hides his face and pretends to be deaf, but as soon as you are distracted, he will take advantage of you.
25假使因軟弱無力,不能犯罪,一旦遇到機會,他必要作惡。25One does not sin when the means are lacking; at the first opportunity, he will do wrong.
26由外表,可以認識人;從面貌上,可以看出他是否明智。26You can tell a man by his appearance; the responsible man can be recognized by his face.
27人的服裝、喜笑和步伐,都表示他的為人。27A man's way of dressing reveals who he is, as does his manner of laughing and walking.
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